Newcastle upon Tyne, commonly known as Newcastle, is situated on the north western bank of the River Tyne's estuary and centred 8.5 mi (13.7 km) from the North Sea. The city is the most populous city in North East region and lies at the urban core of the Tyneside, the seventh most populous conurbation in the United Kingdom and the most populous in the North East.
Bridge (& Quayside
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Millenium Bridge (& Quayside) is a pedestrian and cyclist tilt bridge spanning the River Tyne between Gateshead's Quays arts quarter on the south bank, and the Quayside of Newcastle upon Tyne on the north bank. The bridge was lifted into place in one piece by one of the world's largest floating cranes, on 20 November 2000. Six 45 cm diameter hydraulic rams rotate the bridge back on large bearings to allow small ships and boats to pass underneath.
Tunnel is a subterranean waggonway that runs under
Newcastle from the Town Moor down to the River Tyne. Tours take
place each week and must be booked in advance, online, by email or
It was built in 1842 to transport coal from Leazes Main Colliery to riverside staithes (jetties) ready for loading onto ships.
Museum is a science museum and local history museum
situated in Blandford Square It displays many exhibits of local
history, including Turbinia, the 34 metre long ship built by Charles
Algernon Parsons to test the advantages of using the steam turbine
to power ships.
It also features examples of Joseph Swan's early lightbulbs which were invented on Tyneside. It is one of the biggest free museums in North East England.
St Nicholas Cathedral is a Church of England cathedral completed in 1350, so is mostly of the Perpendicular style of the 14th century. Its tower is noted for its 15th century lantern spire. Heavily restored in 1777, the building was raised to cathedral status in 1882 when it became known as the Cathedral Church of St Nicholas. Scottish invaders threatened to bombard the lantern tower, but were deterred when the mayor Sir John Marley put his Scottish prisoners in it.
The Castle is a medieval fortification in Newcastle upon Tyne, England, which gave the City of Newcastle its name. The most prominent remaining structures on the site are the Castle Keep, the castle's main fortified stone tower, and the Black Gate, its fortified gatehouse. Use of the site for defensive purposes dates from Roman times.