Hereford is a cathedral city and county town of Herefordshire. It lies on the River Wye, about 16 miles from the border with Wales.An early town charter from 1189 granted by Richard I describes it as "Hereford in Wales". It is now known chiefly as a trading centre for products from Hereford which include: cider, beer, leather goods, nickel alloys, poultry, chemicals, and cattle, including the famous Hereford breed.
Mundi and cathedral
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Hereford Cathedral The current Hereford Cathedral, dates from 1079. Its most famous treasure is Mappa Mundi, a mediaeval map of the world dating from the 13th century.Hereford is fortunate to possess one of only four 1217 Magna Carta to survive, which in turn is one of the finest of the eight oldest that survive. It is sometimes put on display alongside the Hereford Mappa Mundi in the cathedral's chained library.
Mappa Mundi shows the history, geography and destiny of humanity as it was understood in Christian Europe in the late 13th and early 14th centuries.
The map is
constructed on a single sheet of vellum (calf skin).
Scholars believe it was made around the year 1300.
Hereford Museum and Art Gallery, housed in a spectacular Victorian gothic building, has been exhibiting artefacts and works of fine and decorative art connected with the local area since 1874.Although the exterior of the building has changed very little the museum and gallery have kept up with the times.The exhibitions begin in the foyer of the building with a regularly changing small display in the foyer case.
The museum traces the history of drinking water from the cave-dwellers up to the present day through wonderful working engines, superb display panels, illuminated displays, guidebooks and films. Classified by English Heritage as "a site of clear national importance", the Museum is home to the oldest working triple-expansion steam engine in the UK and probably has the widest range of working pumping engines.
Old machinery, vats,
glassware and advertising plus art gallery, cafe and shop in old
cider factory. The extensive collections include: cider mills and
presses, paintings, old photographs and films plus many more.